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syracuse what to see
siracusa what to see
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siracusa touristic guide
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self guided walking tour ortigia
ortigia walking tour
ortigia guided tour
free walking tour siracusa
free walking tour ortigia
The Temple of Apollo is a Greek temple dating back to the 6th century BC. This is the oldest known Doric temple in Western Europe. An inscription on the highest rung of the base dedicates the temple in honor of Apollo. Over the centuries it was converted into a Byzantine church, a mosque and then a Christian basilica, and traces of all subsequent buildings were found during the excavation campaigns of 1938-1943. Today the building is in ruins, but its imposing size is still evident – 58 x 24 meters (190×70 ft). It occupies much of Piazza Pancali.
🚍 Bus SR d’amare stop: Darsena.
Bus Open Tour stop: Archimedes Square.
Next site FISH MARKET 20 Mt
The picturesque and colorful Ortigia market offers all kinds of fresh food including fish, fruits, vegetables, meat, spices and all kinds of traditional food. Daily from 7 a.m. to 2 p.m.The restaurants are also open in the evenings.
Next site Piazza Archimede square 200mt
2.445 recensioni Google
In the center of the square appears solemn the fountain of Artemis (Roman name Diana) made by Giulio Moschetti, a fountain that tells the legend of the Nymph Aretusa. The nymph is depicted in the act of escaping from Alpheus who, with his arms outstretched, tries to grab her. Artemis, solemnly in the center of the group, stands behind the girl while around we find Tritons Pistrices and Sea Horses.
Artemis ,in the ancient Greek religion and myth, is the goddess of the hunt, the wilderness, wild animals, the Moon, and chastity.Artemis is the daughter of Zeus and Leto, and the twin sister of Apollo. She was the patron and protector of young girls, she was one of the most widely venerated of the Ancient Greek deities and her temple at Ephesus was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
🚍 Bus SR d’amare stop: Darsena.
Bus Open Tour Stop: Archimedes Square.
The Fisheria in Amalfitania Street, offers tasty fish sandwiches and fried local “Paranza’s fish”(from fishing vessel) at a good price in a friendly atmosphere.
Next site the Cathedral 200 Mt
The cathedral is the result of subsequent transformations to the grandiose temple of Athena, probably built by the Diomenids during the reign of Gelone, the first tyrant of Syracuse. It was a periper building with 36 columns almost 9 meters high, with a diameter of 2 mt. His magnificence was celebrated by Cicero. To get an idea, just think that its doors were made of gold and ivory. On its top shone the golden shield of Athena used to guide the navigators. Around the 7th century AD the temple was transformed into a Christian church and later proclaimed a cathedral. Among the artworks there are; the painting on a table with a golden background depicting San Cosimo by Antonello da Messina, the statue of Our Lady of the Snow by Gagini.
To the left handside ,looking at cathedral’s main door, we find the Senato Palace (1629 – 1633), at the front of the cathedral the Beneventano Palace (XV-XVII century), formerly the seat of the Regal Chamber.
🕐 7/7 October-March 9:00-17:30.
€ 2 -Reduced €1.
🚍 Bus SR d’amare stop: Fonte Aretusa. Bus Open Tour stop: Piazza Archimede.
Next site Caravaggio paint c/o S. Lucy alla Badia church, 30 Mt
The painting is kept inside the church of St. Lucia alla Badia, rebuilt in the 17th century in Baroque-Rococo style with a single aisle rich of stucco.
The painting, created by Caravaggio as altarpiece of the Basilica of St. Lucia at the Sepulchre (or Outside the Walls) at the site where according to tradition the saint was martyred and buried, was painted between 1608 and 1609 during the artist’s stay in Syracuse, after his escape from Malta , due to a men murder.
🕐 6/7 from 11:00 till 16:00.
🚍 Bus SR d’amare stop: Aretusa. Bus Open Tour : Piazza Archimede
To try granita (Crushed water ice) of Bar Condorelli , just ahead of the beautiful baroque facade of the cathedral in Piazza Duomo, designed by architect Andrea Palma in the 1700s.
Next site Fountain of Aretusa 100 Mt, Through Via Pompeo Picherali
5.778 recensioni Google
This ancient fountain, inhabited by white ducks and surrounded by papyrus plants, is the symbol of the relations between Syracuse and the mother city of Corinth never interrupted despite the distance. Legend has it that Aretusa, to get away from the impetuous love of Alpheus, threw himself into the sea. The goddess Artemis, feeling pity, turned her into a spring that reappeared on this side of the sea at Ortigia.
🕐 4 pm-10pm 7/7
€ 5 Entry + Audio guide. Reduced € 3. Visit from outside is free.
🚍 Bus SR d’amare stop: Aretusa. Bus Open Tour stop: Archimedes Square.
Next site Monumental garden, 50 Mt downhill
Stop for a moment between the ancient trees “Ficus macrophylla” to admire the beauty, the power, the game of branches and the roots that seem animated when entering into the earth.
🕐 24h 7/7
It’s possible to swim in the nearby beach. A short walk along the marina of Syracuse where Burgio prepares the real Sicilian granita using ground almonds.
Next site Alfeo promenade, 50mt
The promenade offers great view of the Gulf of Syracuse with several bars and restaurants.
The nymph Aretusa to escape the courtship of the God Alpheus fled to Sicily where she was transformed by Artemis into a water spring .Alfeo son of the god Ocean and personification of the river that flows near the city of Olympia in Greece, in love with Arethusa, prayed Zeus to be able to reach the nymph; Zeus, touched by Alpheus, allowed him to divert his course by passing under the waters of the Ionian Sea and to flow to the island of Ortigia near Syracuse, where he would meet the nymph Arethusa again.
The diversion of the river Alfeo also occurs in the fifth of the twelve toys of Hercules, that of the stables of Augia.
🚍 Bus SR d’amare stop: Aretusa
Don’t miss the sunset sitting in one of the sharpened local overlooking the Gulf of Syracuse.
Next site Maniace Castel, 100 Mt
651 recensioni Google
Built at the behest of Frederick II around 1239 stands impressively on the ortigia waterfront. The castle, which blends military architecture with the elegance of a courtyard, still retains the 13th-century square-plan exterior structure with huge corner towers. The entrance is decorated with a magnificent Gothic-style marble portal. The great fortress was protected by three large ditches connected to the entire defensive system consisting of an intricate labyrinth of tunnels and passages with a total length of 480 meters and five towers 15 meters high.
🕐 Monday 2:30 p.m. to 7:45 p.m.
Tuesday to Sunday 8:30 a.m. to 7:45 p.m.
☞ Updated Time schedule
€4 , Reduced €2. Reduced mobility YES.
🚍 Bus SR d’amare stop: Maniace.
Bus Open Tour stop: Belvedere S.Giacomo (800 mt).
Next site Bellomo gallery, 500 mt
238 recensioni Google
The museum is located in a building dating back to the Swabian period, transformed and expanded in the 15th century by the Bellomo family – one of the most powerful in Syracuse. It was completely restored and opened as a gallery in 1948. The Gallery illustrates the development of painting and decorative arts in Syracuse and southeastern Sicily. Among important artworks: “The Annunciation” by Antonello da Messina painted in 1471; “Our Lady with the Child” by Domenico Gagini, white marble of Carrara XVI century; Funeral monument of Eleonora Branciforte by G.B. Mazzolo, white marble of Carrara 1525.
🕐 Tuesday to Saturday 9am-6.30pm. Sunday 09-13. Closed Monday. ☞ Updated Time Schedule
€8 – Reduced €4 .(Cumulative with P. Orsi Museum/ Archeo Park Neapolis 25% discount)
🚍 Bus SR d’amare stop: Cala Rossa. Bus Open Tour stop: Belvedere S.Giacomo.
Next site La Giudecca,jewish district, 350 mt
The Jewish Community of Syracuse, which existed until their expulsion from Sicily decreed by King Ferdinand II of Aragon on March 31st 1492, was one of the most numerous in Sicily. According to some legendary sources there would be Jews as early as the 1st century. There is no trace of the synagogues but three Ritual Miqwè baths have been found, one under the church of St. Philip the Apostle where the synagogue probably stood, another under the Hotel Residence “Alla Giudecca” in Via Alagona, 🕐 from Monday to Saturday 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. Sundays and holidays 10 am to 12pm.€5 ☞ MIKVEH’.
Winter 10:00/11:00/12:00 . The third is located in the alley of the Olive and also lies under an additional private dwelling.
🚍 Bus SR d’amare + Open Tour bus stop: Belvedere S.Giacomo
The neighbourhood is also home to the ☞ Sicilian puppets theatre, performances all summer afternoons
Good sliced pizza sold by Antica Giudecca in Via della Giudecca Street 26.
Next site S.Lucia church,2Km
“Indicated for religious tourism”
🕐 Working days 08.00-12.15 / 16.00-19.00.
Bank kolidays 08.00-12.15 / 16.30-20.00
Closed Thursday morning.
€: Free entry.
🚍 Bus SR d’amare stop: Dionisio il Grande ( 700mt ). Bus Open Tour stop: Cappuccini ( 1km)
At 700 meters, “Sbarcadero” area, the Red Moon tavern serves fresh fish at more than reasonable prices. At Sbarcadero there is a free municipal solarium.
Next site Cappuccini and the Latomie, 1 km
4,4★★★★✭ 194 Google
It was used from the 6th century BC as a quarry to extract the stone blocks used for the construction of monuments and dwellings; after Syracuse’s victory over the Athenian troops served as a prison for the captured soldiers, they were locked up and left to die among the high walls.
🚍 Bus SR d’amare, Bus Open tour stop : Latomie dei Cappuccini ( 200mt ).
This area is a Panoramic point. Walking 200 meters downhill via Dionisio il Grande solarium & restaurant ZEN & Jonico gorgeous location and fabulous sea, sunbeds price quite cheap.
WAR MEMORIAL & PANORAMIC POINT
Next site Madonnina , Our Lady of tears Sanctuary,1,5 km
The sanctuary of the “Madonna of Tears” is a monumental church 74 m high and 80 meters wide designed to evoke a gigantic tear by the two French architects Michel Arnault and Pierre Parat in 1994.
Interesting the effect of the vertical interior windows that jut out into the sky to the apex of the roof. It houses the enamel plaster effigy of Our Lady who wept.
From August 29th to September 1st in 1953, the depiction of Our Lady placed above the headboard of the bed of a young couple Angelo Iannuso and Antonina Giusto, shed human tears.
The event was experienced by thousands of faithful and was also documented by an amateur director from Syracuse, Nicola Guarin. On September 1st, a committee of doctors and analysts sent by the Archdiocese of Syracuse analyzed a sample of the liquid that leaked from the eyes of the madonnina, confirming the composition of the liquid: “They are human tears”. On the fourth day the crying ceased.
🕐 7.30am – 7pm. 7/7
🚍 Bus: SR d’amare + Open Tour bus stop: Museo Paolo Orsi.
Next site P.Orsi Museum, 20 Mt.
4,4★★★★✭ 893 Google
The exhibition is organized in four sectors A, B, C, D.
SECTOR A,Bronze Age: Ceramics decorated with graffiti of Thapsos culture, burnished red ceramics, refined metal objects, jewels, mirrors and fibulas from Caltagirone, Cassibile and Pantàlica (1270 / 650 BC)
SECTOR B, Greek Colonization: material by Megara HybIaea and Syracuse, noteworthy an extraordinary Kourotrophos (mother nursing), a funeral statue with an inscription bearing the name of the deceased , a Kouros of the 5th century BC, a vase with inscription dedicated to Arternis of Pherae, the famous small stylized bronze horse of the 8th century BC.
SECTOR C, Syracuse Sub-colonies: Akrai, Kasmenai (Kore with dove 570-560 BC), Kamarina, Eloro, as well as Agrigento and Gela (Pelike, a species of amphora, signed by Polinoto 440-430 BC).
SECTOR D, Roman and Hellenistic period of Sicily, noteworthy masterpieces are:the Venus Landolina and the sarcophagus of Adelfia from the 4th century A.D.
🕐 Tuesday/Saturday 09-18. Sun.09-13. Monday closed.
☞ Updated Time schedule
€8. Reduced €4. (Cumulative with Bellomo Gallery/ Neapolis Park discount of 25%)
🚍 Bus stop: Paolo Orsi.
Next site numismatic collection , c/o Museo 0 m
It exhibits the coin production of the Syracuse Mint, including coins with portraits of Filistide and Damarete, coins of the Greek West, coins of Agrigento, gold coins of Morgantina, coins of Reggio, Roman coinage, Byzantine, Arabic, Normands and Aragonese.
🕐Tuesday-Thursday-Friday-Saturday 09.30 – 13.30
Wednesday 9.30 – 17.30. Sunday and Monday closed.
€:Included with museum ticket.
Next site S.Giovanni & the Catacombs, 100 mt
4,4★★★★✭ 1.538 Google
A 6th century basilica, destroyed by Saracens and rebuilt by the Normans in the 12th century, became Syracuse Cathedral until the earthquake of 1693.Reconstructed in Baroque style in the seventeenth century was left in ruins after the earthquake of 1908.
Syracuse has the most important underground network of early Christian catacombs after Rome. Built in the 4th century following a pre-existing Greek water system has three different types of burial: loculi, (rectangular niches with the long side visible), Arcosolio ( an arched chamber carved into the rock), earthy pits (a hole dug in the floor). The most important find is the sarcophagus of Adelfia, a monument of rare beauty carved in marble.
🕐7/7 9:30-12:30 / 14:30-17:30. (16:30 Winter)
☞ Updated Time Schedule.
€8. Reduced: €3<16 years o. €3>65 years o.
🚍 Bus SR d’Amare stop:Paolo Orsi.
Bus Open Tour stop: S.Giovanni.
Next site Archaeo Park Neapolis, 300mt up hill Viale Teocrito street
413 recensioni Google
Placed among the top five amphitheaters left by the Romans in Italy, it dates back to the first / third century A.D. Like the Greek Theatre, part of it was carved into the rock and is elliptical in shape, with external diameters of 140 and 119 meters, so it is only slightly smaller than the Verona arena. Unlike the Greek theatres, where classical comedies took place, the Roman amphitheatre was a stage of struggle and death. Gladiators faced with trident and daggers, slaves being brought to the center of a battle to death with ferocious beasts. If a slave or a gladiator refuses to enter into the arena, the crowd would often shout at the landlord to slit his throat. Starting from 1526 the Spanish began the systematic demolition of the monuments of the Neapolis to build the fortress of Ortigia, probably still well preserved until that time.
It is the most perfect example of theatrical architecture that we received and was one of the largest theatres in the Greek world (diameter 138.6 m). We have heard about this since the 5th century BC when Syracuse was already one of the most important cultural centers in the Mediterranean. However, the form we admire today is a remake of the original, probably made in the 2nd century AD. In the theater, carved into the rock of the hill, tragedies and comedies of famous authors such as Aeschylus and Epicharmus have been performed. The stage is still used today, every year the National Institute of Ancient Drama organizes classical performances.
Next site Paradise Latomy & Dionysius ear , 50mt.
Made by Dionysius The tyrant of Syracuse between 402 and 397 BC on the highest point of the Epipoli district about 8 km away from Syracuse ,the castle represents one of the greatest military works of the Greek period ever realized,it was intended to protect the city from external attacks , particularly from carthaginian ones. After the Roman conquest of the city in 212 BC by consul Marcello, the large military complex of the Eurialo was modified until the Byzantine age as protection from North African incursions.
The Dionysian Walls , work desired by Dionysius I of Syracuse, completely surrounded the ancient city of Syracuse along a perimeter of 27 km, connecting Eurialo Castle to Ortigia. The walls are to be considered the most extensive of the Classical World, even surpassing the Aurelian Walls of Rome. They are mentioned into UNESCO’s list.
🕐 Monday 11.30 till 16.30 Thursday and Saturday 8.30 till 13.30
☞ Updated Time schedule
🚍 Bus AST URBAN (white) N°25 & N°26 . Stop Belvedere/Eurialo from Main Bus Station.
FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY departures From Syracuse to Belvedere: From 7:00 Till 20:30 every 1.5h.
Return from Belvedere to Syracuse 7:30 Till 21:00 every 1.5h
Next site Saline di Priolo,saltpans, 8 km.
Before industrialization the saltpans and the sand coastal dunes were extended for several kilometers. The beauty and charm of these places were eulogised by Virgil, Ovid, Thucydides and Stefano from Bisanzio. In the area, 216 species of birds have been recorded, about 40% of all those observed up to date in Italy.
Further uphill the Manghisi peninsula, one of the most important Sicilian protohistoric sites cradle of Thapsos Culture. The site is currently closed.
The area has a long beach ideal for a refreshing swim during the warm period.
🚍 Bus: NA , car or bike rental.
In July 2019, the reserve suffered severe damage as a result of a major fire.
Next site Ginnasio / Small Theatre, 12 km.
The river, in the now disused saltpans area, is a stopping point for migratory birds and a nesting place. The banks of Ciane are covered with papyrus up to 4 meters high, it seems that the papyrus was given by Tolomeo II Filadelfo from Egypt allied with Ierone II in the 3rd century BC.
THE MYTH OF CIANE & ANAPO: the Goddess Persephone plucking flowers at the shores of Lake Pergusa (Enna) was kidnapped by Hades, God of the underworld, in love with her.
The nymph Ciane clinging to Hades’ flying cart in a desperate attempt to restrain him was transformed by the god into Turquoise-colored waters (Cyanos in Greek means Turquoise).
The young Anapo, in love with the nymph Ciane, seeing his girlfriend being liquefied also changed becoming a river; Anapo river ,still today, at the end of his path joins his love Ciane river before both pour into the Great Harbour of Syracuse.
🚍Bus No.23.Ask the driver to stop. On the way back wait for the bus to rethink and nod, beware there is no shade for waiting and the bus can delay cause traffic jam! The alternative is to rent a bike.
Good products from Iblei mountains including dried sausage of wild boar sold by Fattoria Ciane near the Bus stop
Next site Plemmirio, 8 km.
The peculiarity of the Maddalena peninsula, where the marine reserve of Plemmirio is located, is the presence of numerous submerged caves rich in corals, sponges, bryozoa, sea crickets, nudibranchs and a variety of fish fauna. In the surface bathymetry it is easy to cross the vermetids reef , an indication of an excellent state of the waters. While diving into the waters of Cape Murro di Porco it is not difficult to observe large common pelagic fish: tuna, curls and carangids, but also marine mammals such as dolphins and rarely whales and sperm whales. The rocks are not as comfortable as sand but once immersed, the blue of the plemmirio is spectacular.
MASSOLIVIERI AREA (Pillirina) Nice coves and swimming spots.
VARCO(ACCESS) 25/26 VIA DEI DIAMANTI street’Varco 25 offers a lovely natural swimming pool , suitable for those with children. 100 mt downhill Varco 26 offers a deep blue backdrop as opposed to the white rocks that fall away.
VARCO 27 Via degli Zaffiri street with free rocky shore (not really confortable ) and private shore Cala Zaffiro , both with beautiful deep blue sea bed for snorkeling.
100 meters ahead Via degli Zaffiri Varco 28 offers another nice spot for those who like jumping from high rocks.The sea bed is spectacular too. Not really suitable for small children.There is as well an hidden cave on the surface, have to swimm 50 mt to the right.
🚍 Bus N°.23 Bus stops: Pillirina ,Varco 27, Varco 25, Varco 23
Sicilian Puppets Museum ☆4,3/5 Shows about Chivalrous stories from Italian Renaissance poems about Rinaldo & company. 🕐 Shows every afternoon excluding Sundays. €9 Adults /€5 Children. ☞ PUPPETS THEATRE IT_Eng.
Papyrus Museum ☆4,3/5 🕐 Tuesday-Saturday:10-19 Sunday:10-14 monday:Closed. €5 Adults / €2 less than 17 / €0 less than 5. ☞ PAPYRUS MUSEUM.”
Museum of the Sea : ☆4,2/5 🕐 Monday & Friday:17-20 The rest :Closed. € 2 ☞ MUSEUM OF THE SEA
Hypogeum :☆4,2/5 🕐 Monday-Friday :10-20 Sunday:10-13. €5 Adults / €0 less than 11. ☞ HYPOGEUM.
Syracuse Artemision ☆4.0/5 🕐 Monday-Saturday:10-13 The rest :Closed. €3 Adults / €2 less than 12. ☞ ARTEMISION.
Leonardo da Vinci & Archimedes Museum ☆4.1/5 🕐 7/7:10.30am-7pm €6.50 Adults / €4.50 reduced.Q ☞ MUSEO LEONARDO & ARCHIMEDE.
Archimedes Technopark ☆4,2/5 🕐 7/7: 9.30-18.30. €6Adults / €4 reduced. ☞ TECHNOPARCO.